"Varsovia Football System" is an internal football training system in the Varsovia School Sport Club.
The system unifies the training standards in different age groups. One of the most important elements of the football education is training. According to the "Varsovia Football System U-10", the structure of the training unit includes the following elements:


1 Warming up in a form of a play
2 Coordination
3 Adapting exercises with a ball
4 Game 1x1
5 Task game
6 Technical-tactical exercises
7 Small game
8 School game
9 Competitions of pieces of the game

In our movie we have presented the examples of training methods that we employ during the classes for children up to the age of 10.

Adam Kucharczyk - Youth Coordinator in Varsovia School Sport Club


WARMING UP IN A FORM OF A PLAY

We employ the warm up exercises at the beginning of training to stimulate the body for physical activity. Such a form of training beginning encourages children to trainings and is a motivation for further exercises. The physical games develop the coordination abilities such as: spatial orientation and responsiveness. Such games with a ball are good learning methods, which enable to learn the following technical elements: dribbling, dummies, passes and receptions.
  • RUNNING PLAYS WITHOUT A BALL
    • Tag "Enchanted"
    • Tag "The fourth divides"
    • Tag "Connected" – (holding hands)
    • Tag "The Elephant"
    • Tag "Injured"
  • RUNNING PLAYS WITH A BALL
    • "Football" Tag
    • Tag "The third divides"
    • Tag "Moving backwards"
    • Tag "Moving sideways"
    • Tag "Enchanted with a ball"

U-10: ADAPTING EXERCISES WITH A BALL

The main assumption of the adapting exercises is possibly the most frequent contact of the player with a ball. It helps to achieve the higher level of the special technique of: dribbling, receptions and dummies. The situation in which the ball runs in the desired direction, follows the foot – sticks to it like it was glued, may be a great asset while competing against the opponents during the football match. It is really important for the players to use both legs while having the individual trainings.
The exemplary training measures employed by us: juggling, / exercises in place / row races / running plays with a ball.
  • ADAPTING EXERCISING IN PLACE
  • ROW RACES
    • running slalom with dribbling a ball
    • running slalom with dribbling a ball around the cons (360°) using the inside of a foot
    • running slalom with dribbling a ball around the cons (360°) using the outside of a foot
    • running slalom with dribbling 2 balls
  • JUGGLING EXERCISES
    • off the ground
    • with clapping
    • with transferring an item from one hand to another around hips
    • with a 360°- turn
    • with small balls
  • RUNNING PLAYS WITH A BALL
    • Tag "in two"
    • "The four corners of the world"
    • Game called "Numbers"
    • Building a defensive wall
U-10: GAME 1X1

While introducing the games 1 x 1, we would like to implement the assumptions of teaching the individual tactic. The development of the player's individual play skills provides a possibility to achieve the higher level in the team actions. Up to the age of 10, we focus on the players' behaviour during the game: face to face – close to each other/ face to face – in a distance to each other/ standing with the back towards the defender. We put greater emphasis on teaching offensive elements rather than the defensive ones. The exemplary training measures employed by us: game 1x1 with 2 goals/ game 1x1 with 3 goals / game1x1 with 4 goals
  • Game 1x1 with 2 football goals
  • Game 1x1 with 4 football goals
  • Game 1x1 with 3 football goals

U-10: SCHOOL GAME

A school game is an element of a training, which includes the issues of team tactics and improves the technical-tactical elements. Development of skills to play in the various positions and systems helps to achieve the player the higher level of football intelligence. With this regard, young players change their positions during the game. There is a progression in the team tactic, from 4x4 to 7x7, which is intended to create the target profile – a game between 2 teams of 11 players each. Up to the age of 10, we use the following variants of players' positions:
4x4 1:2:1 / 6x6 1:1:3:1 / 7x7 1:2:3:1 / 7x7 1:3:2:1
  • 4x4: 1-2-1
  • 6x6: 1-1-3-1
  • 7x7: 1-2-3-1
  • 7x7: 1-3-2-1
U-10: SMALL GAME

While introducing the small games, we would like to implement the assumptions of teaching the team tactic. Development of skills to play in a team helps to achieve the player the higher level in team actions. Up to the age of 10, we focus on the players' behaviour during the game:
2 x 2 / 3 x 2 / 3 x 3 / 4 x 4
We put greater emphasis on teaching offensive elements than the defensive ones. The exemplary training measures employed by us: small game – with 4 goals aligned back to back to each other / small game – with 4 goals facing each other/ small game – with 2 goals facing each other.
  • 2x2 with four goals aligned back to back to each other
  • 3x3 with four goals aligned back to back to each other and facing each other
  • 4x4 with 4 goals facing each other
  • 2x2 + "Neutral" with 2 goals facing each other
U-10: COMPETITION OF PIECES OF THE GAME

We organize competition of pieces of the game at the end of a training. Young players enjoy such a form of rivalry. The task of the player performing a corner or a free kick is to score a goal after a direct kick. If the rivalry consists of "corner kicks", its aim is to take the direct kick or "a short corner kick". If the rivalry is based on throw-ins, it is possible to make a reception of a ball on thigh or with a leg, lead the ball, which finally results in a game one-on-one with a goalkeeper or a long distance kick. Competitions of pieces of the game may have a character of an individual or team rivalry.
  • Penalty - "Top scorer"
  • Free kick - "Who can strike a free kick?"
  • Corner kick - Direct, long "Who can strike a corner kick?"
  • Throw-in - Reception of a ball with a leg, dribbling of a ball completed in a game 1x1




U-10: TASK GAME

Task games that we employ during our trainings enhance creativity, football intelligence, perception and peripheral vision. They may be used for learning and developing of technical-tactical elements. Attainment of those objectives may be possible by employing the exemplary training measures:
supporting game/ intelligence game / game, in which there are 4 football goals/ game in 3 teams/ simultaneous game/ complementary team game.
  • SUPPORTING GAME
    • "Monkey in the middle 3x1"
    • "Monkey in the middle according to Guardiola- I"
    • "2 Monkeys in the middle"
    • Football tennis 2x2
  • COMPLEMENTARY TEAM GAMES
    • "Dodgeball"
    • Handbal
  • USING 4 FOOTBALL GOALS
    • 4x4
  • SIMULTANEOUS GAMES AND PLAYS
    • GAME-GAME "Monkey in the middle and Monkey in the middle"
    • GAME-PLAY "Monkey in the middle and Tag"
  • INTELLIGENCE GAMES
    • With grabbing hands after a scored goal
    • With 6 football goals
    • With a big ball
  • GAME IN 3 TEAMS
    • Brazilian game

U-10: TECHNICAL-TACTICAL EXERCISES

The technical-tactical exercises in our trainings combine both the technical skills along with the tactical solutions adopted in football in a comprehensive way. We reduce to minimum the isolated strict form while teaching the special technique. We do believe that teaching the selected game portions is much more effective. Our objective is to complete such exercises with striking a goal.
Classes of technical elements are held as a 2-week- microcycle and include:
1. Passes/ 2. Receptions / 3. Dribling / 4. Dummies / 5. Kicks.
  • Passes
  • Receptions
  • Dribbling
  • Dummies
  • Kicks


U-10: COORDINATION

Development of the coordination skills is a basis for further development of football techniques and improvement of the general physical performance. Taking into account the moist suitable age ranges for development of the particular motor coordination skills, we put our primary focus on:
responsiveness/ spatial orientation/ movements differentiation. The examples of the training methods employed:
exercises with skipping ropes / adapting exercises with ball for goalkeepers/ gymnastic exercises/ sequence exercises of passing the ball and moving in 4 / grapple exercises / running techniques exercises / row races.
  • EXERCISES WITH SKIPPING ROPES
    • "Lajkonik"
    • "On one leg"
    • "On both legs"
    • The left leg twice, the right leg twice
    • "Lajkonik – moving backwards"
  • GYMNASTIC EXERCISES
    • Forward rolls
    • Wheelbarrow in two
    • Two players carry the third one
    • On the coordination ladder
  • RUNNING TECHNIQUES EXERCISES USING THE COORDINATION LADDER
    • skipping: single, double, triple, two-one, three-one, sideways two-one
    • jumping: on one leg, on two leg
    • "football skipping"
    • "right and left"
    • "widely and narrow"
    • "pocketknife
      single / double"
  • ADAPTING EXERCISES WITH A BALL FOR GOALKEEPERS
    • Tossing a ball with clapping
    • Tossing a ball with gymnastic exercises
    • Circling
    • Tossing a ball in a bent body position
  • SEQUENCE EXERCISES OF PASSING THE BALL AND MOVING IN 4
    • Along the square
    • Along the triangle
  • GRAPPLE EXERCISES
    • Pushing: Back to back
    • Pushing: Side to side
    • Pulling: side to side
    • Puling in the frontal position
  • ROW RACES
    • With a gymnastic exercise - a 360°- turn
    • "Picking the
      potatoes up"
    • "Crawling under
      a tunnel"
    • Jumping on
      a hopper ball

"Varsovia Football System" is an original concept of children football education in Varsovia School Sport Club. Our training system includes the basics concerning the physical and mental development of the young players. One of the most important elements of the football education is training. According to the "Varsovia Football System U-13", the structure of the training unit is as follows:

1 Warming up in a form of a play
2 Coordination
3 Adapting exercises with a ball
4 Game 1x1
5 Task game
6 Technical-tactical exercises
7 Small game
8 School game
9 Competitions of pieces of the game

In our movie we have presented the examples of training methods that we employ during the classes for children up to the age of 13.

Adam Kucharczyk - Youth Coordinator in Varsovia School Sport Club


U-13: WARMING UP IN A FORM OF A PLAY

We employ the warm up exercises with a ball (in a form of a play) at the beginning of training. The physical plays for children stimulate their creativity. What is more, they influence the development of such technical elements as: Dribbling , dummies, passes and receptions. The players on their own decide about their level of involvement.
  • RUNNING PLAYS WITH A BALL
    • Tag "The fourth divides"
    • Tag "with dribbling"
    • Tag "with a dummy"
    • Tag "The ball protects"

U-13: ADAPTING EXERCISES WITH A BALL

The main assumption of the adapting exercises is possibly the most frequent contact of the player with a ball. It helps to achieve the higher level of the special technique, among others: receptions and dribbles. The situation, in which the ball runs in the desired direction, follows the foot – sticks to it like it was glued, may be a great asset while competing against the opponents during the football match. It is really important for the players to use both legs while having the individual trainings. The exemplary training measures employed by us: PSS / rhythm exercises with music / relay race with a ball / running plays.
  • RELAY RACE
    • Dribbling one ball and holding the second one
    • Holding 3 balls
    • Holding two balls and Dribbling the third one
    • Dribbling two balls and holding the third one
    • Dribbling three balls
  • PSS (Peter Schreiner System)
    • Dribbling a ball - "Star"
    • Dribbling a ball along the rectangles
    • Dribbling a ball along the rhombuses
  • RHYTHM EXERCISES WITH MUSIC

U-13: SCHOOL GAME

A school game is an element of a training, which includes the issues of team tactics and improves the technical-tactical elements. Development of skills to play in the various positions and systems helps to achieve the player the higher level of football intelligence. With this regard, young players change their positions during the game. There is a progression in the team tactic, from 7x7 to 9x9, which is intended to create the target profile – game between 2 teams of 11 players each. Up to the age of 13, we use the following variants of players' positions:
7x7 1:2:3:1 / 7x7 1:3:2:1 / 9x9 1:4:3:1
  • 7x7: 1-2-3-1
  • 7x7: 1-3-2-1
  • 9x9: 1-4-3-1


U-13: SMALL GAME

While introducing the small games, we would like to implement the assumptions of teaching the team tactic. Development of skills to play in a team helps to achieve the player the higher level in team actions. Up to the age of 13, we focus on the players' behaviour during the game:
3 x 2 / 3 x 3 / 4 x 4 / 4 x 3
We put greater emphasis on teaching offensive elements than the defensive ones. The exemplary training measures employed by us:
small game – with 2 goals aligned back to back to each other / small game – with 4 goals facing each other/ small game – with 2 goals facing each other.
  • 3x3 with four goals aligned back to back to each other
  • 4x4 with 2 goals facing each other
  • 3x3 + "neutral" with four goals facing each other

U-13: GAME 1X1

While introducing the games 1x1, we would like to implement the assumptions of teaching the individual tactic. The development of the player's individual play skills provides a possibility to achieve the higher level in the team actions. Up to the age of 13, we focus on the players' behaviour during the game: face to face – close to each other/ face to face – in a distance to each other/ standing with the back towards the defender. We put greater emphasis on teaching offensive elements rather than the defensive ones. The exemplary training measures employed by us:
game 1x1 with two goals aligned back to back to each other / game 1x1with three goals / game 1x1 with three goals aligned back to back to each other/ game 1x1 with four goals.
  • Game 1x1 with two goals aligned back to back to each other
  • Game 1x1 with four goals
  • Game 1x1 with three goals
  • Game 1x1 with three goals aligned back to back to each other

U-13: TECHNICAL-TACTICAL EXERCISES

The technical-tactical exercises in our trainings combine both the technical skills along with the tactical solutions adopted in football in a comprehensive way. We reduce to minimum the isolated strict form while teaching the special technique. We do believe that teaching the selected game portions is much more effective. Our objective is to complete such exercises with striking a goal.
Classes of technical elements are held as a 2-week- microcycle and include: 1. Passes/ 2. Receptions / 3. Dribbling / 4. Dummies / 5. Kicks.
  • Passes / Receptions
  • Dribbling/ Dummies
  • Kicks


U-13: COORDINATION

Development of the coordination skills is a basis for further development of football techniques and improvement of the general physical performance. Taking into account the moist suitable age ranges for development of the particular motor coordination skills, we put our primary focus on: spatial orientation/ movements differentiation/ movement rhythmisation. The examples of the training methods employed: rhythm exercises with music/ special technique exercises for goalkeepers / acrobatic-gymnastic exercises/ sequence exercises of passing the ball and moving in 6 /balance exercises/ stabilisation exercises
  • RHYTHM EXERCISES
    • with clapping
    • with a double-jump
  • RHYTHM EXERCISES WITH MUSIC
  • SPECIAL TECHNIQUE EXERCISES FOR GOALKEEPERS
    • Goalkeeper exercises in a sitting position
    • "Bassinette"
    • Grip of the ball with a back-fall
    • Grip of the ball without a fall
    • Grip of the ball with a fall
  • ACROBATIC-GYMNASTIC EXERCISES
    • "Tiger jump"
    • Pyramids
    • 2 players carry the third player
    • Exercises for strike situations
  • STABILIZATION EXERCISES
    • Elbow plank - using elbows for support
      • regular elbow plank
      • side elbow plank
      • reverse elbow plank
    • Support
    • Scale
    • on balls
    • on rubber hedgehogs
  • RELAY RACE
    • Carrying things
    • Stiltwalking
    • With a forward roll
  • RUNNING TECHNIQUES EXERCISES
    • using the lattice structure
    • using the hula hoops
    • using low hurdles

U-13: TASK GAME

The task games that we employ during our trainings enhance creativity, football intelligence, perception and peripheral vision. They may be used for learning and developing of technical-tactical elements. Attainment of those objectives may be possible by employing the exemplary training measures: supporting game/ intelligence game / game with 4 football goals/ game in 3 teams/ simultaneous game/ complementary team game.
  • SUPPORTING GAME
    • "Monkey in the middle with shooting a goal"
    • "Monkey in the middle according to Guardiola - II"
    • "Monkey in the middle with 2 balls"
    • Football tennis 3x3
  • COMPLEMENTARY TEAM GAMES
    • Rugby
    • Basketball
  • WITH FOUR GOALS
    • 4x4
  • SIMULTANEOUS GAMES AND PLAYS
    • GAME-PLAY "Monkey in the middle and Tag"
    • GAME-GAME "Game and game with the reversed goals"
  • INTELLIGENCE GAME
    • Using 2 balls
    • Four-square game
    • With a rugby ball
  • GAME IN THREE TEAMS
    • French game

U-13: COMPETITION OF THE SELECTED GAME PORTIONS

We organize competition of pieces of the game at the end of a training. Young players enjoy such a form of rivalry. The task of the player performing a corner or a free kick is to score a goal after a direct kick. If the rivalry is based on a corner kick-competition, its aim is to perform a "short corner kick" or an accurate cross in order to finish with kicking a ball while being in the air. If the rivalry is based on throw-ins, it is possible to make a reception of a ball on chest or with a leg, lead the ball, which finally results in a game one-on-one with a goalkeeper or a long distance kick. Competitions of pieces of the game may have a character of an individual or team rivalry.
  • Penalty - "Which team will be the winner?"
  • Free kick - "Which team will be the winner?
  • Corner kick - Short kick
  • Throw-in - Reception on thigh / chest and Dribbling a ball completed with a game 1x1/ a kick


Patronat merytoryczny: Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego
Józefa Piłsudskiego w Warszawie


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